The sand lizardfish has many different names. Amongst these are the two-spot lizardfish, the banded lizardfish and the clearfin lizardfish. It is found throughout the Indo-Pacific, although some reports may be inaccurate due to the fact that this species is often
confused with another lizardfish species, Synodus variegatus. Sand lizardfish favour sandy or rubble-strewn areas at depths of up to 90 metres. They often bury themselves in the sand, leaving only their eyes and nostrils exposed. They use their superior camouflage to ambush small fish and shrimp. Sand lizardfish grow up to 24 centimetres in length, and are brownish in colour with seven irregular vertical black bars. Like all lizardfish, they have a reptilian head and an elongated body.
Also known as the snakefish, the painted lizardfish is a widespread species found all over the world in tropical and warm temperate waters (with the exception of the eastern Pacific). It is thought that those fish found in the Atlantic may be a different
species from those found in the Pacific, but this theory has yet to be confirmed. Although painted lizardfish prefer depths of up to 90 metres, they can survive at depths of up to 430 metres. They are highly adaptable, and can be found in estuaries and on inshore reefs as well as in deep water. They bury themselves in the sand, and ambush small fish and crustaceans. They have a short snout and a wide mouth, and yellow and luminous blue stripes that run the length of their body from snout to tail.