The paperfish is also known as the leaf scorpionfish, but it is the sole member of its genus and easily identifiable from other scorpionfish species. Paperfish typically reach around 10 centimetres in length, and are delicate-looking fish with a flat, leaf-like body
characterised by an unusually large dorsal fin. Although the paperfish has venomous spines in its anal fin, it is considerably less venomous than related species like the false stonefish and the true stonefish. They are well-camouflaged, with the ability to change colour after moulting, which occurs approximately once every two weeks. It is an ambush predator, and survives on a diet of small fish and shrimp. It is found in tropical waters from South Africa and the Red Sea to Hawaii and Australia.