Sometimes called the bigscale or yellow-fin soldierfish, the blotcheye soldierfish is widespread throughout its Indo-Pacific range. It is also considered abundant, despite some populations being exploited by subsistence fisheries.
In South Africa, the blotcheye soldierfish only occurs as far south as KwaZulu-Natal, and may thrive at depths of up to 160 metres. It spends its days hiding under ledges and in caves; and its nights feeding on planktonic crustaceans. The blotcheye soldierfish has a maximum length of 30 centimetres. Like many members of the soldierfish family, it has a protruding lower jaw and an oversized eye. Its scales are silvery pink with red edges, while its red fins have a white stripe along the outer edge. The black blotch on the eye is diagnostic.
The shoulderbar soldierfish has several different names, including epaulette soldierfish and pearly soldierfish. It is widespread and common, and listed as Least Concern on the IUCN Red List. Found throughout the Indo-Pacific from East Africa to the Great Barrier
Reef, it occurs as far south as KwaZulu-Natal in South Africa. The shoulderbar soldierfish favours lagoons and seaward reefs no more than 55 metres deep, and spends the day sheltering in large groups beneath ledges and in caves. Although the largest recorded specimen measured 26 centimetres, the average size for this species is just 16 centimetres. It has smaller, more numerous scales than other soldierfish, and a reddish brown bar extending from the top of its gill opening to the base of its pectoral fins.