The speckled squirrelfish is found throughout the Indo-Pacific, from East Africa to Japan and Australia. In some countries, it is known as the peppered or whitespotted squirrelfish. In South Africa, its range extends as far south as Algoa Bay; and
although it has been recorded at depths of up to 180 metres, it rarely lives below 30. It favours surge-swept tunnels and reef overhangs, and feeds on crustaceans, larvae and worms. The speckled squirrelfish is reddish silver in colour, with a bluish sheen to the top half of its body. Its scales are finely dotted with black (hence the name peppered), and its silver-white dorsal has a distinctive broad red margin. Reaching a maximum length of 23 centimetres, this species is registered as Least Concern on the IUCN Red List.
Also known as the crowned or red squirrelfish, the crown squirrelfish is a common, widely distributed species. It is found from the Red Sea and East Africa to Australia, Polynesia and Hawaii on reefs up to 60 metres deep. Often, crown squirrelfish
form small groups. They hide under ledges and in crevices during the day; then emerge to hunt invertebrates and small crustaceans over areas of open sand at night. This species attains a maximum length of 17 centimetres, and has horizontal red and silver-white stripes on its body. Its head is red, with two vertical white stripes on the gill flap, and one downward diagonal white stripe under the eye. Too small to be targeted by commercial fisheries, the crown squirrelfish is listed as Least Concern on the IUCN Red List.